The Al Hudaydah Agreement: What You Need to Know
In December 2018, representatives of the Yemeni government and Houthi rebels signed the Al Hudaydah Agreement in Sweden. This agreement aimed to end the fighting around the port city of Al Hudaydah, a vital hub for the import of food, medicine, and other essential goods into Yemen.
Here`s what you need to know about the Al Hudaydah Agreement and what it means for Yemen`s ongoing conflict.
What is the Al Hudaydah Agreement?
The Al Hudaydah Agreement is a ceasefire agreement between Yemen`s government and the Houthi rebels, who control the city of Al Hudaydah and its port. The agreement sets out a framework for stabilizing the situation in the area and allowing humanitarian aid to reach those in need.
Under the agreement, both sides agreed to a mutual ceasefire and withdrawal of their troops from the city and port of Al Hudaydah. The port was to be handed over to a UN-supervised committee, which would oversee the entry of aid and ensure the smooth flow of goods in and out of the country.
Why is the Al Hudaydah Agreement important?
The port of Al Hudaydah is a crucial lifeline for Yemen`s people. According to the UN, over 70% of Yemen`s imported goods, including food and medicine, pass through the port. The ongoing conflict has made it difficult to get aid to those who need it, leading to immense suffering and a humanitarian crisis.
The Al Hudaydah Agreement was seen as a significant step towards ending the conflict and providing relief to Yemen`s people. It was considered a landmark achievement in a conflict that has lasted for over six years and left over 233,000 people dead.
What has happened since the Al Hudaydah Agreement was signed?
Unfortunately, the Al Hudaydah Agreement did not lead to an immediate end to the conflict. Despite the agreement, fighting continued in the area, and both sides accused each other of violating the ceasefire. The UN-supervised committee was also slow to get up and running, hampered by logistical challenges and disagreements between the two sides.
Over the past year, the situation in Yemen has continued to deteriorate. The country is facing famine, the world`s worst cholera outbreak, and a devastating humanitarian crisis. The COVID-19 pandemic has only made things worse, with Yemen`s healthcare system overwhelmed and unable to cope.
What does the future hold for Yemen?
The Al Hudaydah Agreement was a positive step towards ending the conflict and providing relief to Yemen`s people. However, it was just one step, and the journey towards a lasting peace will be long and difficult.
The situation in Yemen is complex, with multiple factions fighting for control, and external powers involved in the conflict. A comprehensive political solution will be needed to address the root causes of the conflict and provide a sustainable path towards peace.
In the meantime, there is an urgent need for humanitarian aid to reach those who need it, and for the international community to continue to support efforts towards a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
In conclusion, the Al Hudaydah Agreement was a significant milestone in Yemen`s ongoing conflict. However, it has not yet led to an end to the fighting or a resolution to the crisis. The situation remains dire, and there is an urgent need for an end to the violence and a comprehensive political solution to the conflict.